A rectangular tea table with a raised edge around the top. The top has a diamond veneer of tulipwood framed in a ribbon and ornaments of amaranth. The sides are decorated in a similar manner. The legs are veneered with amaranth and on the outer edge a fine ribbon of tulipwood. The elegantly curved and tapered legs end in sabots of gilt bronze. The table has a drawer over the full width of the front with gilt bronze handles and escutcheon. The fittings are decorated with rocailles.
As of 1760, Dutch cabinetmakers started to make veneered furniture “in the French manner”, imitating the imported French furniture of the day. Sometimes these objects were veneered with flowery decorations, but more often with geometrical diamond patterns framed in rare and exotic wood types.
This commode could very well have come from the workshop of Matthijs Horrix. This can, however, hardly be determined due to the fact that Horrix never signed or stamped his work. The great resemblance to furniture that can be attributed to Horrix with certainty, due to inventories of the Dutch Royal House and “Huis ten Donck”, affirms the kinship to the work of the master.
Matthijs Horrix (Lobberich 1735 – 1809 the Hague), is presumed to have come to the Hague in 1761 were he was admitted to the guild of cabinetmakers in 1764. That same year he was registered as citizen and married Elisabeth de la Fosse. The couple lived in the Spuistraat, also the address of the workshop. After 1770 the company developed into a comprehensive and versatile manufacturer of furniture. In 1771 Horrix was admitted to the “Pietersstoelgilde” and became master cabinet maker as well as “Spaanse stoelenmakers Baas”. Horrix’s assistant Willem Corbaz was registered with the Pietersstoelgilde as upholsterer in 1771, allowing the company to produce upholstered furniture as well. In fact, the company was able from that moment on to deliver any type of furniture needed to decorate a house. This was well appreciated by the Stadholder Court and its entourage, even more so because Horrix followed the latest fashion of Paris. This was reflected in the name of Horrix’s company: “In de Commode van Parijs” (In Parisian fashion).
When Matthijs Horrix dies in 1809, he is succeeded by his nephew Pieter Paulus Horrix (1767 – 1840) who had been working for his uncle since 1794.
R.J. Baarsen, “ ‘In de commode van Parijs tot Den Haag’, Matthijs Horrix
(1735-1809), een meubelmaker in Den Haag in de tweede helft van de
achttiende eeuw”, in Oud Holland 107, nr. 1, 1993.