A winter landscape with a windmill and a frozen river with skaters.
Frederik Marinus Kruseman was born in Haarlem in 1816 and died in Sint-Gillis (Brussels) in 1882. Kruseman was a nephew of Jan Adam Kruseman and second cousin of Cornelis Kruseman. He became known as a painter of landscapes. His oeuvre is estimated at 300 to 350 paintings. Only three still lifes of his hand are known. The vast majority of his work consists of landscapes and drawings.
Kruseman was a pupil of Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, Jan van Ravenswaay, Johannes Reekers and Nicolaas Johannes Roosenboom.
Kruseman started his training at the age of sixteen at the city drawing academy in Haarlem, where he received lessons from Johannes Reekers. In 1833 Kruseman received an honorable mention as a gifted pupil. However, he was not eligible for a prize because he was not yet enrolled as a student in the program for a full year.
Kruseman received his first lessons as landscape painter from Nicolaas Roosenboom (1805-1880), who happened to live in the neighborhood. Roosenboom was the son-in-law of Andreas Schelfhout, famous for his winter landscapes and who regularly visited the studio of Schelfhout. Roosenboom was known to teach his students in a very disciplined manner in, among other things; knowledge of materials and techniques, composition theory and paint treatment. Kruseman also got lessons from Jan van Ravenswaay (1789-1869) who, besides being a landscape painter, was best known as a painter of animals.
In 1837 Kruseman left for Kleve in Germany to take lessons with Barend Cornelis Koekkoek. Like Schelfhout, Koekkoek was a gifted landscape painter from the Dutch Romantic School. The influence of Koekkoek on Kruseman's work is clearly present, but he managed to develop his own signature. His work consists of summer landscapes, inspired by the mountainous surroundings of the German Rhineland, but also - for a much larger part - winter landscapes with ice skaters.
In 1841, Kruseman moved to Brussels, which became an important center for the arts since the demerger of the Netherlands. The positive development of the art market in the early days of independent Belgium will also have played a role in the decision to settle in Brussels. In Brussels, Kruseman regularly collaborates with Eugène Verboeckhoven (1798-1881) who, as a cattle painter, supplies the landscapes of Kruseman with animals or figures.
signature: left below FM KRUSEMAN FC PARIS 1844